Vietnam Time

4/13/2018 2:16:39 PM

Vietnam forecast to witness 13 typhoons and depressions in 2018

(VNF) - Approximately 12-13 typhoons and tropical depressions are forecast to form on the East Sea area in 2018, with five to six typhoons that will directly affect Vietnam, heard at a quarterly meeting of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in Hanoi on April 12th.

Five to six typhoons to directly affect Vietnam this year. (Illustrative image)

The meeting heard that the typhoons and tropical depressions tend to appear in the north of the East Sea in the beginning of the stormy season and will move southward the East Sea in the remaining months of 2018. Typhoons and tropical depressions are more likely to affect the Central region of Vietnam.

Meanwhile, widespread hot weather in the North and Central of Vietnam is predicted to occur later than average and the heat level will not be as fierce as in 2017.

During the dry season in 2018, the Central and Central Highlands regions are forecast to see the lowest level of water on many rivers and streams, while droughts and water shortages will occur in these regions.

The salinity intrusion in the South during the dry season will also be lower than the average for many years and will be equivalent to the level in the 2016 - 2017 period.

According to the Vietnam Meteorological and Hydrological Administration (NCHMF), the forecast and warning capacity of the administration will be improved in 2018 to produce more accurate forecasts and warnings five days in advance instead of only three days.

DEVASTATING NATURAL DISASTERS

Storm Damrey hits Khanh Hoa, leaving messes. (Photo: VNA)

Hydro-meteorology experts concluded that 2017 was the year of extreme weather events.

According to the report issued by the Vietnam Disaster Management Authority, 2017 witnessed a record 16 storms and six tropical depressions in the East Sea. Two of the storms were severe: storm No. 10 (Doksuri) struck the North Central region in mid-September and storm No. 12 (Damrey) hit the South Central region in November.

Natural disasters in 2017 were considered complicated, unseasonable and unpredictable.

The heaviest storm in the last 30 years, the Damrey storm (Storm No. 12), hit the South Central provinces of Phu Yen and Khanh Hoa at 133km per hour.

More than 4.3 million people affected, 3,500 houses were destroyed in the Typhoon, and a further 300,000 houses were partially damaged. In Khanh Hoa province alone, 114,000 homes have been either partially or fully damaged. Heavy rainfall and flooding in the weeks following have continued to cause extensive damage, in particular in Quang Nam province.

In 2017, 16 storms and six tropical depressions formed in the East Sea, of which five storms and three tropical depressions directly hit Vietnam. Two storms swept through the north and south central coasts, killing 386 people and causing 60 trillion (USD 2.6 billion) in damage, three times higher than in previous years.

Floods and landslides also resulted in grave consequences. Five consecutive floods in late 2016 killed 129 people.

The mountainous provinces in the northern region suffered from 300 flashfloods and landslides which are becoming more severe in the past two decades. Last year, flash floods occurred in various provinces such as Son La, Hoa Binh and Quang Nam, resulting in 71 people killed and missing, and 4,109 houses were destroyed.

Drought and saltwater intrusion have also become an urgent problem, affecting over 2 million people and causing over VND 15.70 trillion (USD 634 million) in damages.

About 12 storms and tropical depressions are formed or arrive on the East Sea every year, of which five to six storms will directly affect the continents. In 1985, Storm Cecil killed 901 people and destroyed 69,000 houses in Binh Tri Thien. Storm Linda in 1997 took away the lives of nearly 3,000 people and caused damage to over 3,000 ships./.

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