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3/5/2019 4:18:43 PM

Conventional loss of appetite treatments

The first step to treating appetite loss is identifying and addressing the underlying cause. Depending on how severe someone’s loss of appetite is, and any complications it may be causing, doctors can use various medications and interventions to normalize hunger levels.
 
Some treatments that may be used to reverse loss of appetite and its effects can include:

Anti-nausea medications, including those used to treat nausea during pregnancy such doxylamine and B6, pyridoxone (vitamin B6), promethazine (an antihistamine) and cyclizine (an antihistamine).

Supplements and meal replacement products that can provide electrolytes and relieve constipation, cramping or fatigue.

Medications that contain progesterone, which can improve appetite and weight gain. Examples are megestrol acetate or medroxyprogesterone.

Steroid medications, which can decrease symptoms like swelling, nausea, weakness, or pain associated with underlying illnesses.

Metoclopramide, which helps move food out of the stomach more easily.

Antidepressant or anti-anxiety medications.

A cannabinoid product called dronabinol that is used to stimulate appetite. In some states within the U.S. and other parts of the world, medical marijuana is also used to boost appetite, decrease pain and help to ease anxiety.

Exercise programs, which can stimulate appetite hormone secretion.

In severe cases, tube feeding might be used to get calories and nutrients directly into the stomach to treat weight loss and nutrient deficiencies.

6 Natural Remedies for Loss of Appetite

1. Change Your Eating Patterns

Here are tips for changing the times of day that you eat, the amount you eat at once, and other factors to consider:

Rather than eating one or two big meals that can lead to indigestion or fullness, split meals into five to six smaller meals a day. Also add snacks whenever you feel hungry.

Eat your biggest meal when you are feeling most hungry, whether that’s breakfast, midday or dinner.

Try to eat at regular times each day, since this pattern helps train your body and regulate your appetite.

Eat whole foods that are energy-dense if you find it hard to eat big enough meals — meaning foods that should provide a decent amount of calories, healthy fats and protein. Good choices are: olive or coconut oil, grass-fed butter, eggs, grass-fed beef, full fat dairy, nuts and nut butters, avocado, and protein smoothies. You can increase your calorie intake without feeling overly full by adding oil, butter, cheese, coconut milk, or nut butters to recipes.

Make food taste more appealing by adding sea salt, spices and condiments you like.

Don’t consume very large amounts of fluids right before meals, which can suppress your appetite. Drink moderate amounts of water between meals rather than with meals, and try to base your fluid intake on your level of thirst.

Limit caffeine consumption since caffeine can increase nervousness/anxiety, irritate your stomach and decrease appetite.

Keep a variety of fresh foods at home so you always have access to something you like.

Eat in a relaxed environment where you are not rushed, such as with family or friends (not when driving or working!)

Change the texture or temperature of food if it makes it easier to consume, such as by blending, steaming, boiling or chilling.

2. Treat Nausea

It’s common for loss of appetite and nausea to occur together, especially during pregnancy or when you’re sick with a virus, the flu, etc. Here are natural remedies that can help treat nausea:

Sit up for about an hour after eating to relieve any pressure on the stomach. Try to eat at least three hours before bedtime to help you digest.

Drink ginger tea or apply ginger essential oil over your chest or abdomen. To make your own ginger tea, cut ginger root into slices and place them into a pot of boiling water for 10 minutes.

Take a supplement containing vitamin B6, which helps to decrease PMS, morning sickness and symptoms of an upset stomach.

Make a belly-calming beverage using chamomile tea and lemon juice.

Inhale peppermint essential oil or rub it into your neck and chest.

Get some fresh air, open a window and take a calming walk outside.

Try alternative therapies like meditation and acupuncture.

3. Identify & Treat Underlying Digestive Problems

If you deal with loss of appetite due to digestive issues like being constipated, bloated or having heartburn, then addressing the underlying cause of your symptoms is critical. Some ways to help improve gut health and digestion include:

Eating an anti-inflammatory diet. Include a variety of fresh veggies and fruits, healthy fats, and “clean” protein sources like wild-caught fish, grass-fed meat, and pastured eggs.

Eating high-fiber foods to help prevent constipation, including chia or flax seeds, cooked veggies, avocado, roasted root veggies, and foods high in magnesium.

Eating probiotic foods, like fermented yogurt or cultured veggies.

Limiting or avoiding foods that can worsen digestion problems like IBS or IBD, including: conventional dairy products, gluten-containing foods, processed foods with synthetic additives, refined oils, fast foods, fried foods, processed meats and FODMAP foods that worsen symptoms.

Managing stress.

Getting enough sleep.

Doing an appropriate amount of exercise (not too much or too little).

Drinking enough water.

Quitting smoking.

Not taking any unnecessary medications, including antibiotics (you can talk to your doctor about this).

4. Take Steps To Treat Depression and Anxiety

Depression and anxiety can affect your appetite by altering stress hormones and increasing inflammation. If you cope with depression or anxiety by drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes and drinking lots of caffeine, know that these substances will blunt hunger too (especially caffeine and smoking). Some ways that you can manage stress and help fight depression include:

Practicing yoga, meditation and breathing exercises.

Spending more time outside, and getting some sunlight exposure to boost vitamin D levels.

Taking adaptogenic herbs to support your nervous system.

Seeking out emotional support from family, friends, a therapist or a support group.

Unwinding by using essential oils like lavender, chamomile or holy basil.

Taking an Epsom salt bath before bed to relax muscular tension.

Getting a massage or visiting an acupuncturist.

5. Get Enough Physical Activity

Exercise is known to be a natural appetite-regulator, especially aerobic exercise that lasts more than 20–30 minutes, vigorous/high intensity exercise, and strength-training that adds muscle mass to your frame. Depending on many factors, exercising can both increase your appetite and also help to normalize it longterm because of how it affects hormones and inflammation. If you’re currently pretty sedentary and want to begin exercising, start with light exercise such as a 30-minute walk each morning. Walking before meals can also help improve your appetite and enhance digestion, even if it’s a short, casual walk.

Exercise also has numerous other health benefits — including helping to relieve stress, lower inflammation, improve sleep, and maintain muscle mass, which is beneficial for your metabolism, especially as you age.

6. Fight Fatigue & Improve Energy Levels

If you’re experiencing loss of appetite and tiredness, there are certain things you can do to help improve your energy levels and treat fatigue:

Aim to get seven to nine hours of sleep per night. To regulate your circadian rhythm, try to sleep and wake at similar times each day.

Sleep in a cool, very dark room.

Eat a nutrient-dense diet. Limit sugar, processed grains and caffeine.

Diffuse peppermint oil and other uplifting oils in your home.

Sip on green tea, which provides steadier energy, instead of coffee or other stimulants.

Practice meditation and other stress-relieving activities before bed.

Give yourself mental breaks throughout the day to unwind, rest, take a slow walk outside or practice deep breathing.

Precautions

Talk to your doctor if you regularly experience gastrointestinal symptoms beyond loss of appetite, such as nausea, vomiting, bloating, pain and constipation. Your doctor can recommend tests that might help identify an underlying cause. It can also be helpful to meet with a registered dietitian or nutritionist for advice on meal planning, grocery shopping and symptom management if loss of appetite is interfering with your quality of life./.

  ( Jillian Levy )
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